Trypanocidal constituents in plants 1. Evaluation of some Mexican plants for their trypanocidal activity and active constituents in Guaco, roots of Aristolochia taliscana.
Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Sep;25(9):1188-91.
Abe F, Nagafuji S, Yamauchi T, Okabe H, Maki J, Higo H, Akahane H, Aguilar A, Jiménez-Estrada M, Reyes-Chilpa R.
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org
Crude extracts of Mexican medicinal plants were screened for trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, which is the etiological agent for Chagas’ disease, one of the most serious protozoan diseases in Latin America. There were 43 kinds of methanolic and other organic extracts from 39 plants which were examined by the preliminary screening test to see immobilization of epimastigotes of T. cruzi in vitro. Eighteen of them showed activity at the concentration of 2 mg/ml after incubation for 2 h, while 13 showed activity at the concentration of 1 mg/ml after incubation for 48 h. Among them, the MeOH extract of roots of Aristolochia taliscana (Aristolochiaceae), locally known as “Guaco,” immobilized all the epimastigotes even at lower concentration of 0.5 mg/ml (48 h). In order to identify principal compounds for this activity, the MeOH extract of Guaco was subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation. From the active fractions, four neolignans, eupomatenoid-7 (1), licarin A (2), eupomatenoid-1 (5) and licarin B (6), and two lignans, austrobailignan-7 (3) and fragransin E1 (4) were isolated. Compounds 1-4 immobilized all the epimastigotes at the minimum concentration of 25-75 microg/ml after incubation for 48 h, while compounds 5 and 6 were inactive. Corresponding concentration of gossypol, berberine chloride and harmine was 280 microg/ml, 300 microg/ml and >500 microg/ml, respectively.
- PMID: 12230115.